Heat Pumps

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Heat Pumps

What is a Heat Pump?


Heat pumps redistribute heat to either warm or cool a home. Despite their name, heat pumps are not limited to heating but can also cool your home. 

How Do Heat Pumps Work?


By pulling warmth from outside sources, heat pumps can effectively warm a home. The cooling process works exactly the opposite, removing heat from inside the house and forcing it outside.  

Heat pumps can also serve as a water heating system.

What are Ductless Heat Pumps?


Ductless heat pumps, also referred to as “mini-splits,” allow homeowners to enjoy the benefits of a heat pump without having to hook the system into the ductwork of their house.

“Ductless heat pumps function similarly to traditional heat pumps by absorbing energy in the form of heat from one location and moving it to another,” says Advanced Energy. “The major difference is that they perform this process without ducts, allowing them to distribute air more quietly and with higher efficiency compared to traditional electric equipment.”

Opting for a ductless heat pump allows you to have more control over the temperature of different rooms in your house instead of a centralized system.

Why Invest in a Heat Pump?


As with any HVAC equipment, installing a heat pump in your home requires an upfront investment. However, the energy savings and all-season versatility of heat pumps make them a practical choice.

“Because they move heat rather than generate heat, heat pumps can provide equivalent space conditioning at as little as one-quarter of the cost of operating conventional heating or cooling appliances,” says the Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy. “Today’s heat pump can reduce your electricity use for heating by approximately 50% compared to electric resistance heating such as furnaces and baseboard heaters. High-efficiency heat pumps also dehumidify better than standard central air conditioners, resulting in less energy usage and more cooling comfort in summer months.” 

Heat pumps can help you lower your utility costs and your carbon footprint all at once. Additionally, installing a heat pump can save you from installing two separate units for heating and cooling.

Pro Heat Pump Installation

Jake’s Heating, Air and Plumbing, LLC has a certified team of skilled HVAC technicians with experience in installing, repairing, and maintaining heat pumps. 

Our heat pump services include:

  • Heat pump repair
  • Heat pump service and cleaning
  • Reversing valves
  • Air handler maintenance
  • Compressor repair
  • Indoor air quality
  • Coil and duct sanitation
  • Air purification and sterilization
  • Filter replacement
  • Control board check
  • Duct repair, reroute, and modification
  • Heat strip additions
  • Wifi and smartphone thermostats
  • Residential zoning systems
  • Test accumulator
  • Weather sealing and home efficiency
  • Thermostat service


How Long do Heat Pumps Last?

The life expectancy of a heat pump can range between one and three decades, depending on the quality of the machine, how well it’s maintained, usage, and other factors. 

What Size Heat Pump do I Need?

The size of the heat pump or HVAC system you need depends on the size of your home and the area you need to heat and cool. Get in touch with Jake’s team of HVAC technicians for professional advice on what size and model unit may be fit for your property.

What is the Best Energy Efficiency Rating? 

There are several different measurements and ratings used to measure the efficiency of heat pumps, including SEER and HSPF. 

“The cooling efficiency for air-source and ductless-split systems is measured by SEER (Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio). The federal minimum standard is 13 SEER for new units for homes in the Northeast, Midwest, Mountain States, and Pacific Northwest; for the rest of the country, the minimum is 14 SEER,” according to Consumer Reports. “The heating efficiency of air-source and ductless-splits systems is measured by HSPF (Heating Seasonal Performance Factor). The minimum federal HSPF rating for all units is 7.7. In warmer climates, a higher SEER is more important, but in colder climates, a higher HSPF is better.”

What Type of Refrigerant do Heat Pumps Use? 

Heat pumps use a refrigerant known as R-410A.

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Contact Jake’s Heating, Air and Plumbing, LLC for Your Heat Pump System

If you’re considering a new heat pump system in the Columbus or Seymour area, don’t hesitate to give us a call. Or better yet, visit us at either of our two locations to find the right heat pump for you.

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What is the average life expectancy of equipment?

Most systems have a lifetime of 10 to 20 years. As your equipment gets older, it’s efficiency can decrease dramatically. You may notice that it gets noisier and needs repairs more often. When a unit begins to show it’s age, you have two choices. You can overhaul the system or replace it. Because heating and cooling technologies improve over time, a new system designed with newer, more energy-efficient equipment makes sense, especially if your system is 10 or more years old. We can estimate the cost of a new system as well as a payback schedule that will show you how newer technology will pay you back in lower energy usage.

Will a bigger sized system perform better?

No, you don’t want your air conditioner to be too big. Air conditioners control the comfort level in your home by cooling the air and by removing humidity. An oversized air conditioner will cool your home faster, but it will use more energy and will not remove humidity adequately.

What do SEER, AFUE, and HSPF ratings mean for me?

SEER, AFUE and HSPF are all measures of energy efficiency. Air conditioners may look similar, but their Seasonal Energy Efficiency Rating (SEER) can vary widely. Higher SEER numbers save more money spent on electricity. A 13 SEER air conditioner, the EPA “current minimum standard”, uses 23% less energy than a 10 SEER unit (EPA standard up until Jan. 2006). Even though 13 SEER is the minimum efficiency available, we currently offer a line of air conditioners that start at 13 SEER and go all the way up to a 21 SEER . Depending on your average usage, higher SEER air conditioners can significantly reduce your electric bill.

Is Freon as a refrigerant being discontinued?

Yes. As of January 2010 the refrigerant R-22 (what consumers call Freon®) is no longer allowed to be used in the manufacturing of new equipment. R-22 has been used as the “standard” refrigerant for many years but has been found to be harmful to our planet by our government. All new air conditioners and heat pumps use R-410A, the more “environmentally sound” refrigerant.